ANZSCO Code: 351111

A baker is a tradesperson who uses an oven or another concentrated heat source to bake and occasionally sells bread and other items made of flour. They bake different types of bakery items which the people consume. Bakers create and bake pastries, cakes, biscuits, buns, and slices of bread.


Occupation Descriptions

Bakers create and bake pastries, cakes, biscuits, buns, and slices of bread.

This job involves:

  • Evaluating the raw materials’ quality and measuring the ingredients.
  • Emptying, washing, and lubricating pans, baking trays, and other kitchenware.
  • Dough and pastry goods via kneading, maturing, cutting, moulding, combining, and shaping.
  • Making pastry fillings.
  • To calculate baking times, keep an eye on oven temperatures and product look.
  • Arranging for the shaping, filling, baking, emptying, and cooling of bread, roll, and pastry dough batches.
  • Frosting and creaming buns and pastries and adorning cakes.
  • Verifying that the facilities and equipment are operating in accordance with occupational health and safety laws prior to production runs.
  • Running devices that cut, roll, and shape dough for biscuits.

NOTE: Bakers must participate in all phases of preparation and baking; they cannot simply cook prepared foods (frozen goods) or run baking equipment.

How will I be assessed?

There are two different stages, and they are listed below;

Stage 1:

Documentary Evidence Assessment

We will examine your documentation to make sure it satisfies the training and employment standards and proves you have the required expertise, experience, and knowledge to work as a baker.

Below is information regarding the documentation, training, and employment requirements:

  • For more evidence and proof to be included with your application, get information on our Evidence guide.
  • You must also locate information on assessments for your particular occupation if you are on Pathway 1. 
  •  Video and photo guide 
  • Supervisor report 
  • For more information about the employment experiences and work activities for the Pathway 1 application, visit our  Pathway 1 Employment Experience Guidelines.
  • For more information on Pathway 2 assessment, employment, and experience visit Pathway 2 Candidate Guide. 

Stage 2:

Technical Interview

Technical interview includes all the questions related to your work experiences, credit working hours, and the whole time performance you give in your profession. After completion of stage 1, there will be a technical interview with our assessor. It is an interview to evaluate your technical proficiency for the position as well as the scope and depth of your expertise in your area of interest. Technical interviews are also intended to evaluate your abilities to communicate, solve problems, and think under pressure. For more information, read the Stage 2 Assessment Guide

Need of skills and knowledge

FBP30521 Certificate III in baking is the relevant qualification for this occupation.

For better placement and promotions, you must demonstrate your knowledge and skills in the competency list below. Each unit defines the unique platform in the trade where you can choose based on your knowledge and skills required in Australian workplaces.

You must achieve 19 units of competency:

  • 15 core units
  • 4 elective units

Core Units




Participate in work health and safety processes.


Apply food safety procedures.


Use numerical applications in the workplace.


Schedule and produce bakery production.


Use food preparation equipment to prepare fillings.


Produce laminated pastry products.


Produce non-laminated pastry products.


Produce biscuits and cookie products.


Produce sponge cake products.


Produce cake and pudding products.


Produce basic artisan products.


Produce basic bread products.


Produce speciality flour bread products.


Produce savoury bread products.


Produce sweet yeast products.

Elective Units




Coach others in job skills.


Produce artisan bread products.


Produce frozen dough products.


Produce gateaux, tortes and entremets.


Produce meringue products.


Produce specialist pastry products.


Sell to the retail customer.


Control and order bakery stock.

All required and elective competency units must be completed successfully. 

NOTE:  denotes a prerequisite that must be met before moving on to a unit.

Skills of a Baker

  1. Baking Techniques: It’s essential to be proficient in a variety of baking methods, including kneading, shaping, proving, and baking.
  2. Recipe Knowledge: Accurate recipe following and knowledge of various recipes for bread, pastries, cakes, and sweets.
  3. Ingredient Understanding: An awareness of the interactions between the different components used in baking, such as flour, yeast, sugar, fats, and flavourings.
  4. Accuracy and Precision: Precise ingredient measurement and careful attention to baking directions require attention to detail.
  5. Creativity: The capacity to explore and invent  flavours, recipes, and decorations to produce distinctive and eye-catching baked goods.
  6. Time Management: Able to manage many jobs at once and guarantee that baked goods are made and completed on schedule.
  7. Muscular Endurance: Baking can be physically taxing since it involves standing for extended periods, lifting bulky flour sacks, and performing repetitive actions.
  8. Adaptability: The ability to modify baking procedures, equipment requirements, and ingredient availability in accordance with consumer preferences and other circumstances.
  9. Problem-Solving: Able to solve problems quickly and effectively, including variations in oven temperature, dough consistency, and ingredient substitutions.
  10. Food Safety Knowledge: Knowledge of guidelines and procedures for food safety to uphold hygienic standards and avoid contamination while preparing meals.
  11. Communication: Effective communication abilities are necessary to engage with coworkers, managers, and clients; this is particularly important when talking about orders, responding to questions from clients, or working together on unique requests.
  12. Teamwork: Cooperation with sous chefs, pastry chefs, and kitchen assistants to guarantee efficient operations and prompt delivery of baked goods.
  13. Customer Service: Fundamental abilities to welcome clients, take orders, suggest products, and politely handle any issues or grievances.
  14. Attention to Presentation: Pay close attention to how baked items are aesthetically presented, including how they are decorated, iced, and arranged for packaging or display.
  15. Continuous Learning: The readiness to take advantage of workshops, classes, and professional development opportunities to learn and stay current with new baking techniques, trends, and innovations.
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    1. What are a baker’s main responsibilities?

    Bakers are in charge of designing and preparing a wide range of bakery goods, including bread, pastries, cakes, biscuits, and buns. They assess the quality of raw materials, precisely measure ingredients, make dough and pastries, keep an eye on the baking process, and guarantee that the final products live up to expectations.

    2. What credentials are needed in Australia to work as a baker?

    In Australia, one must normally hold the FBP30521 Certificate III in Baking qualification in order to operate as a baker. This certification shows mastery of baking methods, comprehension of ingredients, recipe knowledge, time management, and other critical abilities required for the position.

    3. What goes into the evaluation procedure for prospective bakers?

    There are two phases to the assessment procedure for bakers. Candidates go through a Documentary Evidence Assessment in Stage 1 to show their proficiency, familiarity, and understanding of baking. Providing paperwork, training materials, and supervisor reports are a few examples of this. In order to assess candidates’ technical proficiency, problem-solving capabilities, and communication qualities relevant to the baking industry, stage two entails a technical interview.

    4. What are the essential abilities needed to succeed in the baking industry?

    Proficiency in baking techniques, understanding ingredients, adhering to precise measurements, creativity in developing and decorating recipes, time management, flexibility, problem-solving abilities, awareness of food safety, effective communication, teamwork, and customer service are among the fundamental abilities of bakers.

    5. How can prospective bakers advance their knowledge and abilities?

    Potential bakers can further enhance their abilities and expertise by taking advantage of ongoing education options like classes, workshops, and professional development initiatives. Maintaining current knowledge about baking advances, trends, and techniques is crucial to improving skills and being competitive in the industry. Furthermore, obtaining practical experience through apprenticeships or internships might offer beneficial chances for real-world learning.